SELF-HARM English meaning

These functions include self-harm being used as a coping mechanism which provides temporary relief of intense feelings such as anxiety, depression, stress, emotional numbness and a sense of failure or self-loathing. There is also a positive statistical correlation between self-harm and emotional abuse. Self-harm may become a means of managing and controlling pain, in contrast to the pain experienced earlier in the person’s life over which they had no control (e.g., through abuse). For this reason research in the past decades has inconsistently focused on self-harming behavior without and with suicidal intent with varying definitions leading to inconsistent and unclear results. In general, the latest aggregated research has found no difference in the prevalence of self-harm between men and women.

Psychiatric and personality disorders are common in individuals who self-harm and as a result self-harm may be an indicator of depression and/or other psychological problems. Many people who self-harm have moderate or severe depression and therefore treatment with antidepressant medications may often be used. There is tentative evidence for the medication flupentixol; however, greater study is required before it can be recommended. Nonsuicidal self-injury has been listed in section 2 of the DSM-5-TR under the category “other conditions that may be a focus of clinical attention”.

In individuals with developmental disabilities, occurrence of self-harm is often demonstrated to be related to its effects on the environment, such as obtaining attention or desired materials or escaping demands. As developmentally disabled individuals often have communication or social deficits, self-harm may be their way of obtaining these things which they are otherwise unable to obtain in a socially appropriate way . One approach for treating self-harm thus is to teach an alternative, appropriate response which obtains the same result as the self-harm. Although self-harm is by definition non-suicidal, it may still be life-threatening.

People who do self-harm are more likely to die by suicide, and self-harm is found in 40–60% of suicides. Accounts of asylum seekers self-harming 25 times in one day at Wickham Point detention centre near Darwin are deeply distressing, Greens senator Sarah … The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «self-harming» in the different countries. The translations of self-harming from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «self-harming» in English. The ASL fingerspelling provided here is most commonly used for proper names of people and places; it is also used in some languages for concepts for which no sign is available at that moment. The differential diagnosis of self-injurious behavior in mentally retarded people.

Self-harm is often used as a way to respond to and manage emotional pain, overwhelming feelings or distress. For the most part, people self-harm without wanting to die but sometimes they may have suicidal intentions. Some people find that the physical pain of self-harm helps provide temporary relief from the emotional pain. In this way, self-harm can be a coping strategy used by individuals to help them continue to live. Several forms of psychosocial treatments can be used in self-harm including dialectical behavior therapy.

And brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature. Definition and synonyms of self-harm from the online English dictionary from Macmillan Education.

Many people admitted for deliberate self-poisoning during a study by Eddleston et al. were young and few expressed a desire to die, but death was relatively common in the young in these cases. The improvement of medical management of acute poisoning in the developing world is poor and improvements are bloxburg house realistic required in order to reduce mortality. Those who engage in self-harm face the contradictory reality of harming themselves while at the same time obtaining relief from this act. It may even be hard for some to actually initiate cutting, but they often do because they know the relief that will follow.

Other terms such as cutting, self-injury and self-mutilation have been used for any self-harming behavior regardless of suicidal intent. It is not the same as masochism, as no sexual or nonsexual pleasure is obtained. While earlier usage included interfering with wound healing, excessive skin-picking, hair-pulling, and the ingestion of toxins, current usage distinguishes these behaviors from self-harm. Likewise, tissue damage from drug abuse or eating disorders is not considered self-harm because it is ordinarily an unintended side-effect but context may be needed as intent for such acts varies.

Emergency departments are often the first point of contact with healthcare for people who self-harm. As such they are crucial in supporting them and can play a role in preventing suicide. At the same time, according to a study conducted in England, people who self-harm often experience that they don’t receive meaningful care at the emergency department.

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